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Why is CONGO one of the POOREST COUNTRIES in the World? – VisualPolitik EN

Why is CONGO one of the POOREST COUNTRIES in the World? – VisualPolitik EN


Look at your Mobile phone for a second. If you opened it up, you would see something
similar to this… …lots of microchips, small semiconductors
and circuits. In order to manufacture all of this, you need
a very special element: TANTALUM. Where does this tantalum come from? Well, mainly from one country: the Democratic
Republic of CONGO. One of the World’s poorest countries. It’s impossible to estimate how many people
have died in order to manufacture the phone you have in your hands right now. Tantalum is one of the most highly demanded
materials on the planet. And Congo has the largest reserves. It could be an enormous source of wealth to
them. A country that also has lots of natural resources. Nonetheless, Congo is one of the poorest and
most violent countries on Earth. And believe me, their history is much more
complex than those clickbait articles you’ve found on your twitter feed. So why is Congo so poor? In this video, we’ll tell you the story. Congo was featured in that movie ‘Gorillas
in the mist’. It’s funny, because we don’t know anything
about this country, despite how often pop culture references it… We’re talking about one of the biggest countries
on the planet. It has more than 80 million inhabitants living
within a territory the size of Western Europe. And oh boy! They have a hell of a fortune under their
feet: cobalt, gold and, of course, COLTAN. Coltan is the ore that tantalum is taken from. So we all have products imported from Congo
in our home. Many of you might say: wow! They’re so lucky, having so many natural
resources, right? In fact, the opposite is true. All this gold, cobalt and, especially, coltan,
is actually a curse for Congo. Yes, my dear viewers, Congo is one of the
poorest countries on the planet. And we’re talking about so called absolute
poverty here. Most of the population lives on less than
a dollar a day. Starvation is common. And guerrilla warfare is so typical in this
country that it’s no longer newsworthy. But you already know this. The question is… Why? And the answer is a combination of all the
bad things we usually mention here on VisualPolitik: wars, bad governance, corruption and, of course,
colonialism. Imagine all of this on a massive scale and
you have a good high level picture of Congo. So… OK! Done! We already know why Congo is so poor. End of the story… right? Oh come on! This is VisualPolitik. The case of Congo is unique in history. We can’t even compare it with other African
nations. So, if you know VisualPolitik, you already
know that we’re going to cover all the details about this country. Including the result of their latest elections. So the question here is… Why is Congo so poor? Why do we say that their natural resources
are a curse? And… the most important question of all… Can their brand new president lift this curse? Today we’re going to answer all of these
questions but, before we do, let’s take a look back at the history. HOW TO PRIVATIZE A COUNTRY In the year 1877, king Leopold II of Belgium
bought Congo. Yes, you heard that right. Usually, when we talk about colonization,
we mean a country conquering another one, right? Well, so here’s the first unique thing about
this story. What we know today as Congo was a land with
many tribes, and a land with a huge potential to grow rubber. In a time when pneumatics were being produced
on a mass scale, rubber was in high demand. King Leopold II looked at this opportunity
with dollar signs in his eyes and said: why conquer a country if you can buy it? You see, it was a different time and, back
then, European powers thought they could do anything they wanted in Africa. On one hand, it was a source of wealth to
be exploited. On the other, they thought colonization was
a matter of charity. They wanted to export European values and
civilization to a ‘land of barbarity’. This is why Leopold II created the International
African Association, an organization led by him that allowed him to go to Congo and create
his own factories and plantations. Since the Congolese people had no private
property, Leopold II could take over the land without any kind of contract. Of course, in order to legitimize this looting,
Leopold II, the king of a respectable country like Belgium, claimed he would turn this ‘Free
State of Congo’ into a civilized place. The Congo Free State is unique in its kind. It has nothing to hide and no secrets and
is not beholden to anyone except its founder. –Leopold II, King of Belgium The reality was way different. Leopold II wanted to get as much rubber as
possible. So he enslaved the population and forced them
to reach production quotas. If they didn’t, he would chop off one of
their hands. This is how one of the worst genocides in
history started. Something comparable, in relative terms, to
Mao’s cultural revolution. The massacre was so terrible even other colonial
powers such as the United Kingdom denounced Leopold for his atrocities. If you wanna know more about this, I have
a video about King Leopold II on my other channel, Biographix. But let’s move on with today’s story. After Leopold II died, he passed his property
over to the state of Belgium. This is how Congo became a colony in its own
right. Belgium’s government was a little more compassionate
than the king but, still, the Congolese were kept in slave-like conditions. You see, colonialism is one of the most despicable
practices in history. But if there is one colonial power that was
big on brutality, it’s Belgium. And if you want to be even more angry, let
me tell you that to this day, there are lots of monuments, buildings and streets in Brussels
dedicated to Leopold II. But the truth is, in 1960, Congo got its independence. This doesn’t mean things got better for
them. Their first president, PATRICE LUMUMBA, was
no big fan of his former colonizers. This is why both France and Belgium helped
other groups to overthrow and execute him. Which is how MOBUTU SESE SEKO’s dictatorship
started and the country changed its name to ZAIRE. Mobutu is known as one of the bloodiest dictators
in history. But, as we often say at VisualPolitik, Mobutu
may have been a son of a bitch, but he was OUR son of bitch. You know, it was the cold war, and Congo was
an ally of the West. So there was always money to finance his army. But things changed in the 90s. Without a USSR to be afraid of, America stopped
supporting Mobutu. And all those groups he was oppressing rebelled
against him. This is how the first Congolese civil war
started… and the country got back its current name. A civil war that led to another second civil
war. For a better understanding of just how devastating
this conflict was, the Second Congolese civil war is considered to be the deadliest conflict
after World War II, with over 5 million deaths and countless acts of torture, mutilation,
and other atrocities. But… Here’s the worst thing. The violence has not stopped. In 2003, the war ended. Since then, Joseph KABILA has tried to be
a dictator who rules over the country with an iron fist. But, let’s be honest. As authoritarian and corrupted as he is, he
can’t control the country. There are guerrillas and looting from neighbouring
countries all the time. And you might wonder… Why is there so much guerrilla warfare? How can one country have so many armed groups? How do they pay for those guns? Let’s have a look, shall we? COLTAN RUSH Do you remember the NOKIA 6110? This phone was launched at the end of the
90s and was one of the first cell phones to reach a massive audience. Suddenly, everybody had a mobile phone. And this meant more and more tantalum was
required to produce those. Until that moment, the main tantalum producer
was Australia. The problem? Getting that material was more expensive than
you might imagine. You see… it’s almost impossible to find
pure chemical elements in nature. In this case, Australia had mines where you
could find some ore and, after a complex chemical process, get a little bit of tantalum out
of it. But there is an easier way to obtain it. Yes, my dear viewers, I’m talking about
COLTAN. COLTAN is a rock that contains a lot of tantalum
and it’s very cheap to refine. And guess where you can find the biggest coltan
reserves on the planet? Exactly! In Congo. Basically, Congo is the Saudi Arabia of coltan. There’s plenty of it, it’s easy to extract
and easier to refine. In fact, you don’t even need technology
to get coltan: just a pick and shovel and… there you go! This is why thousands of Congolese joined
the coltan hunt. And, despite the high demand, tantalum became
cheaper and cheaper. But wait because this is just the beginning! Remember the financial crisis of 2008? Well, it also had some consequences in Australia. GAM closes Wodgina tantalum mine This mine was the world’s main tantalum
producer. Its closure meant that tantalum prices skyrocketed. It’s hard to estimate the market price for
this material because, unlike oil, there are no public indexes. But, according to some consultancy firms,
tantalum prices almost doubled from one year to the next. And what was the consequence for Congo? Exactly! A coltan rush! All of a sudden, everybody was willing to
sacrifice their lives for a fistfull of rocks. Especially the warlords. This is how most of those guerrillas were
financed: by selling coltan. And the more tantalum they sold, the more
violent they became. We’re talking about such a huge massacre
that even America had to pass a law for it. Dodd-Frank Act Becomes Law Basically, Dood Frank law was meant to protect
consumers. One of its sections referred to so called
‘conflict minerals’. One of which was tantalum. According to this law, companies buying tantalum
should know where it comes from. The problem? In a country like Congo, it’s almost impossible
to control the traceability of a mineral. Especially, given that there are almost no
mining companies. Yes, you heard that right. It’s mostly just common people going to
the countryside to extract rocks and sell them to a man, who will sell them to another
man…. And finally, it ends up inside of your mobile
phone. In many cases, Rwandan miners cross the border,
exploit the mines and then go back to Rwanda to process it. As you know, Rwanda is a country that’s
growing really fast and offers much more security, in legal, political and physical terms, compared
to Congo. And… well, if you didn’t already know
this, here’s this other video we made a long time ago, telling that story. In fact, if you wanna know more about these
kinds of things, you should subscribe to VisualPolitik and hit that bell button so you won’t miss
any posts. But let’s go back to our story. Many of you might wonder… since it’s so
profitable… Why aren’t there any big mining companies? Aren’t there incentives to create companies
that can mass produce coltan? The answer is NO. Why? Well, here’s an example! Biggest Congo coltan miner resumes buying
after output halt In this case, BISUNZU is one of the few Congolese
mining companies. It was founded by a Congolese senator that
wanted to industrialize mining. Instead of risking lives to get coltan, BISUNZU
wants to use machines. That way, they can offer better security for
the workers and extract a lot more minerals. So what’s their problem, then? First, all of this machinery is expensive. And Money is seldom abundant in Congo. Second, nobody would invest in a place where
corrupt politicians are going to make your life impossible. And, if politicians don’t do it, then some
guerrilla will. So what happens then? Nobody invests in this industry and those
who do, like BISUNZU, have to stop their production all the time due to smugglers and warlords. And this is how we can understand the vicious
cycle of coltan. The more demand there is, the more incentives
there are for warlords to exploit it. And the more warlords we have exploiting coltan,
the less incentives there are to create an industry that would provide quality jobs and
create real wealth. This is why, despite the fact that half of
the tantalum on the planet comes from this area, Congo doesn’t grow any faster. And now you might wonder… Can anybody change this? Well… maybe… or maybe not. You’ll understand in a second. THE BIG FRAUD Do you remember Joseph Kabila? The Congolese dictator? Well, in the year 2018, he had to resign and
call for elections. In fact, according to the Congolese constitution,
he should have done it before. But you know… dictators. As you can imagine, 2018 couldn’t have been
more rigged. Kabila’s opponents only had one or two electoral
cabins. Citizens had to vote with tablets that nobody
knew how to use. And, well… no international observer accepted
this process… Congo to EU: Mind your own business
An election that’s been delayed for two years is about to be held, and the country
has booted out the EU ambassador. OK, so in this election, we had 3 main candidates:
RAMAZONI, who was Kabila’s successor, FAYULU, his biggest opponent, and TSHISEKEDI, the
one with the lowest chance of winning. Guess who won! Nope! Not Ramazoni. The winner was TSHISEKEDI. And here’s where the debate starts. According to all the organizations observing
this process, including the catholic church, the process couldn’t have been dirtier. Many analysts say that Kabila knew nobody
would accept his successor. So he let a moderate enemy win. Somebody who, at least, would let Kabila keep
his fortune. Because make no mistake, despite Congo’s
poverty, Kabila is a millionaire. Then again, Donald Trump has supported TSHISEKEDI,
even if it’s only to guarantee some kind of stable government for Congo. So now the question is… can this brand new
president change things? Well… the truth is he does have opportunities. Lithium/tantalum: New Australian production
from Pilbara Basically, the Australians have discovered
a brand new way to extract tantalum more cheaply. So they’ve reopened their mine. What does this mean, then? Well… less of a coltan rush, less money
for the warlords and more incentives to create an ethical and sustainable industry. On the other hand, Rwanda, Congo’s neighbouring
country, has been developing its own coltan processing industry. In 2018, they created a big factory to produce
tantalum. And they’re even experimenting with BLOCKCHAIN
technology to guarantee the traceability of tantalum. This means it will now be easier to know where
our tantalum comes from. So now, this new Congolese government can
partner with Rwanda to create a coltan industry that generates jobs and growth. But here’s a question for you… Do you think the Congolese government will
be willing to do so? Is this brand new president going to end the
rampant corruption in order to help his country escape poverty? Or… will we continue to see Congo as poor
as always despite its enormous natural wealth? Please, leave your answer in the comment section
below. Before finishing, I’d like to thank SUZANE,
from ROSKILL, for helping us with the research. ROSKILL is one of the leading mining consultancy
companies and they were so kind to us, answering our questions and giving us a lot of information
that is not easy to access. Also, don’t forget to visit our friends
from RECONSIDER MEDIA PODCAST, the podcast that provided the voices on this episode that
were not mine and, as always, I’ll see you next time.

100 comments on “Why is CONGO one of the POOREST COUNTRIES in the World? – VisualPolitik EN

  1. Geezus, the misfortune of Congo is something incredible… You could write a second book to 'a fortunate life' called, 'a fortunate country'.

    As for the corruption, well i think the answer is education – Because the better educated the population of a country, the more difficult it becomes to conduct corrupt activity.

  2. So in short: They keep screwing over themselves instead of developing by fighting corruption and wastage?

  3. THIS COMMENT IS STRICTLY FOR THE STUPID/IGNORANT/DUMMIES:

    ALL AFRICAN COUNTRIES WERE SUCCESSFUL AND FRUITFUL….ALWAYS.
    ALL AFRICAN COUNTRIES WERE COLONIZED by the horsemen of CORRUPTION, france,britian,spain, arabs
    MOST AFRICAN COUNTRIES ARE STRUGGLING consequences of corruption and exploitation initially brought by colonizers. TODAY you say these are shithole countries full of corruption, when you brought the corruption. It is BECAUSE OF THE RAPE DONE BY YT COLONIZERS. they raped the land, the resources, the people, their religion and connection to ancestors/family…then they left DESTRUCTION with no resources to rebuild with and have the nerve to throw salt on a wound by saying these people are the problem.

    Africa has centuries of history showing they are not corrupt. Read a book or take a walk through a colonizers museum or at least watch the history channel or BBC. They created government, books, libraries and built universities. "It takes a village to raise a child" african proverb.

    If you see corruption in africa of africans as being corrupt, then what you are seeing is the product of those who planted that seed. And you see africans trying to rebuild from the little of nothing they have left. This is not to say their are not corrupt africans. I'm talking about the big picture. The real picture.

  4. Question: WHY is CONGO so rich in resources but so fucked up today?
    Answer: King Leopold. Genocide of 15 million Congolese, not to mention what he did to the lands resources. Now who is the real corrupt one? Who is the real shithole country?

  5. LIKE ALL FAILING AFRICAN COUNTRIES they were thriving and fruitful until colonizers came. PERIOD.
    YOU WANNA TALK ABOUT "FAILING AND SHITHOLE COUNTRIES"….FOCUS ON WHO MADE THEM SHIT.
    DON'T blame the victim BLAME THE SHITS THAT MADE IT. COLONIZERS, WHITES, ARAB, SPANISH

  6. "EUROPEAN COLONIZERS…creating shit-holes where there are paradises, all over the world. ๐Ÿ˜‰ "
    The More You Know๐ŸŒˆ

  7. Hi there! Iโ€™m from DRCongo and most of stuffs in the video are true. I experienced war in my hometown, Kisangani…(Guerre de 6 Jours or 6 Days War opposing Rwandan and Ugandan armies on Congolese soil…). Itโ€™s our sad reality and I hope for a better future for DRCongo.
    Correction:
    1. Minute 6:40ish:
    The first president of DRCongo is Joseph Kasa-Vubu but the picture shown is of our first prime minister, Patrice Emery Lumumba.
    2. Minute 14:20ish:
    The president of DRCongo is Fรฉlix Tshisekedi but the picture of the candidate shown is of te president of the electoral commission (CENI), Corneille Nangaa. Please change it! Thanks for spreading this message to all users of smartphones, tablets and computers… ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ

  8. Colonialism isn't "one of the most despicable historical practices". It represents a natural step in the evolution of society . Many countries were helped by colonialism especially African ones.

  9. Me watching video
    I hate Leopold II
    I hate Belgium
    I hate France
    I hate Colonism sh*t
    I hate dictator
    I hate Steve Jobs
    I hate phone buyers
    I hate everyone

  10. If poverty means that they ain't gonna tax the shit out of me and offer nothing in return, then I guess I wanna be poor

  11. First of all the country in its current form makes no sense, natives of Kinshasa, Lubumbashi and Goma areas have nothing in common, entirely different cultures and even climates separated by thousands of miles one another, just because some vague treaty claimed this land was the playground of some Leopard king, it doesn't mean this bears any relevance as a functioning country. It is ultimately ignorant and disrespectful in regard of the UN to force these into one country because of a colonial legacy. And then they (the UN) gonna blame the natives for the problems. Summa summarum, why won't global powers just GTFO? Even if Congo nations are at war against each other just let them play their game. The UN is such a fascist institution.

  12. Lol the video lost all its credit in my eyes with the Donald Trump animation
    Why all the leftists pride themselves so much on being independent when they're the furthest from it?

  13. "Starvation is fairly common"? Are you kidding? In the lushest and most fertile land in the world? What kind of imbecile, retarded animals do you take the population for, you ignorant racist? You think they can't get up off their asses and take a banana from the tree that is one meter away? Are you even listening to what you're saying?!:D

  14. What the left-wing says: I stand for peace and humanism
    What the left wing does: make propaganda videos that make these countries look bad to make the public support foreign intervention so eventually foreign firms can exploit the land
    Well played corporate agent Simon, now fuck you

  15. Visualpolitiks and Vice are the most racist channels on YouTube, always badmouthing Africans and brainwashing everyone to believe that these nice people are violent and barbaristic
    Fuck these channels and their colonial propaganda!!

  16. 7:38 "the deadliest conflict after WWII with five million deaths"
    WWI with c. 20 million deaths: am I a joke to you?

  17. Inner conflicts are stirred by foreign firms to justify foreign intervention which could lead to a westernized establishment and finally: profit. Don't promote this Simon

  18. Everyone blames government corruption but tell me how a house in the corner of the country (Kinshasa) is supposed to control a continents worth of rainforest? The only ruler of Congo is nature and maybe the thousands of tiny tribes. None can enforce anything in the depth of these forests so bureaucrats might as well just leave it alone

  19. Stupid propaganda lying that African people are stupid and intervention is a must. Same thing as in colonial times. Spewing out disgusting racist fallacy in hopes of getting to exploit the vast resources

  20. This drama in Congo resulted to come up with the FAIRPHONE. Not the perfect anwer, but at least a great atempt to get a sort of a fair trade cellphone

  21. That's it, we must Tear Belgiumistan down & remove the monuments of the PAST ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚

  22. Yep, huge quantities of resources being dug up from the ground is among other what all dictatorships have in common and is for the people nothing but a curse. The reason is ofc simple, if the leaders get their wealth from the ground then they dont need to care about the peoples wishes but if the main income is tax-money then they do need to care. And corruption is at the core of it.

  23. Great video. Thanks. Colonialism, and its continuation in its many ugly forms, mostly by European countries and the USA, is the root cause of poverty in so many parts of the world. Those who attribute 3rd and 4th world poverty to corruption simply do not want to face the truth: Most corrupt governments are, in fact, actively supported by Europe and USA as long as those governments allow western capitalism to bleed their country dry.

  24. same question why Congo dont have ancient and medieval monument, temple, old church, old mosque, beutiful craving stone building, old medieval city, old city wall, old royal palace, old historical stone-brick building, old tomb, old stone fort, old city tower guard, old city gates, old city stone wall, old stone houses and buildng, old university like in North Africa, India, Arabia, Turki, Europe Italy, UK, France, Spain? why congo dont have historical sites, arheolgy side? why they dont have ancient and medieval body armor like Europe, North Africa, Arabia, Iran, India, China, Japan, Russia, Mongol, Turk, Thai, Burmese, Vietnamese, Malays-Indonesia, Filipino, Korea? why Congo dont have civilization at least like Aztec, Maya, Inca, Olmec.

  25. I've been a fan of Visualpolitik for quite some time now. It's sad to see bias in your report to a fact that in accurate information or lies are being told to the viewers.. this is the second video today that I've watch that has an extremely biased point of view.
    Terribly disappointing. Rather than learning from the video, now I have to fact-check everything you say..

  26. I liked you until you said that "Colonisation" is one of the worst practices in history.
    That is just your opion

    It depends on your perspective.
    Some colonialism was good.
    Arab slavery was that OK?
    Tribal warfare was ok? (or still is?)

  27. Wow, amazing I'd never even heard of Coltan!
    I always thought of Congo as gold, rubber and oil, and diamonds and maybe uranium

  28. the horrible bad people in Africa are always the ones with the guns… these violent thugs have always ruled the Congo for millennia… And yes, have sold large numbers of their own people as slaves… First North to the European empires, and later West to the Americas…

  29. Dude, you told half truths, you left out the part where America, Rwanda, Uganda and the west Orchestrated this madness

  30. The UN needs a new mandate with expanded powers, it's own economy, and military. Anyone who tells them to mind their own business should be cut off from trading with anyone who's a member. If there are no customers for their resources, I'm sure they'd change their tune.

  31. Hold up Simon. You said that king Leopold bought the Congo (3:41) and to buy something both parties need to be complicit. You never said from whom king Leopold bought the Congo. Why? It's very important detail that you just omitted. Sounds a lot like you're trying to absolve those people of their part of responsibility.

  32. Simon is clearly a Leftist. He says White brutal dictators are bad; but Black brutal dictators are good. He claims that natural resources cause Congo's civil wars and violence; but natural resources are natural and good. He blames colonialism for Congo's problems….yet Congo has been independent for years…and the civil wars and strife continue. No logic; no reason; just bias.

  33. Cause it has 80% of the world coltan, and IBM,APPLE, SAMSUNG with a lot other western countries has some interest on that.

  34. As with so many countries with the name Democratic embedded in their name, there is nothing democratic about Congo

  35. Democracy, peace, health and education in Africa dont serve the selfish West materialist interests, so they secretly encourage wars, tyranny, and ignorance in this continent to exploit its ressources and it's people, when a dictator finally wake up and say "NO" to this neo colonialists, they call him "Dictator" and declare war "Of freedom "kill him by the hands of it's own ignorant copatriots, then they came with another dictatorial regime and call it "Democracy" . This happened in Irak, Lybya, Syria, Venezuela and will happen again whenever there is ressources, to make the Occident richer and the rest of the world poorer….How dare West talk about Civilization and human rights?

  36. First, it was Congo Free State, but now it's Democratic Republic of the Congo…

    This country never matches its name

  37. Every phone contains 40mg of Tantalum, then at $300/kg that's just a little over a penny per phone. You can fit enough Tantalum for a billion phones into two 20' shipping containers.

  38. Yup fairly good info..tut..tut.. Furthermore another one of the biggest hindrances to congolese growth is also ILLITERACY…in the mentioned powder keg environment; it is impossible to go to school. I also realised that the Congo has one of the worst cases of learned helplessness; every culture manages to inculcate a sense of delayed gratification that makes it possible for young people to do time in school…in the Congo almost everyone wants to start earning…making them some of the most UNTRUSTWORTHY and unreliable people in the world…I have never been to a place that is as frustrating as the Congo…beats even Nigeria, scrounging, sponging-off, begging, mythomania; pathological lying, spare-change pinching, etc…this is the only country on earth that beats Nigeria in having no soul with absolute ZERO chills!!

  39. Dictators are very hard to get rid of. They steal all the wealth of the country and spend just enough on the military to keep themselves in power.
    The only way to change the government to make it more democratic is for the tantalum to become nearly worthless so that the government will have to rely on the people for its income. If the government must tax the workers to get revenue then the government will have to spend more money on hospitals, roads and education.

  40. 735,000 years ago a group of Homo erectus became isolated from the rest of the prehuman genome.

    40,000 years ago a group of Homo sapiens came into contact with that group of Homo erectus.

    The two groups interbred and the resulting mix became the modern West-Africans.

    And their IQ is about 60 meaning they have no chance of living in a self-sustaining modern society.

  41. Obviously you did your best to gather information but :
    Lumumba was not a president but prime minister to president KasaVubu
    Rwanda ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผ doesnโ€™t have Coltan mines, those minerals are coming from east-congo and Rwanda(Paul Kagame…we love you rwandan people) used to finance rebellion for that purpose, eg. RCD, CNDP, M23.

  42. Raw minerals are not even an economy, they should work on developing education and the industrialisation of the mining sector, rather than exporting raw ores.

  43. Why the fuck are making fun of my country stop saying it poor how would you feel like if I said your fucked county is poor would you feel good๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜ well I wouldn't feel good ๐Ÿ˜ž๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ๐Ÿ˜ญ your a bad person I hate you ๐Ÿ˜ก๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜ก๐Ÿ˜ก๐Ÿ˜ก๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜ก ๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜  if I see you I will call BDK people BDK is a gang of killers

  44. mustn't forget those wonderful economic hitmen that put those scumbags in office in the first place and keep these economies destabilzed for hundreds of years.

  45. You said almost as an aside that the Congolese "genocide" was comparable to Mao's Cultural Revolution, the implication being that the Cultural Revolution was a genocide. I hope that you meant in terms of numbers rather than in terms of intent.
    Having said that, I suggest you revisit the international usage of the word "genocide;" that may actually be a suitable subject for one of your videos. Another video I would suggest would be the intent and consequence of the Cultural Revolution. Mao knew that Brit Intelligence and the CIA had infiltrated the government and were trying to enroll Chinese anti-communist sympathizers to disrupt and hopefully destroy the new government; it just so happens that his approach, however devastating to many, including some of his own supporters, succeeded in flushing out the troublemakers. I have asked both Western and Chinese scholars this simple question, and am yet to receive an answer: what else might Mao have done that would have been just as effective? Keep in mind that the U.S. had its own sort-of-parallel-universe version of the Cultural Revolution led by Sen. Joseph McCarthy; although it did not result in as many deaths, it too was based on intent of cleaning up the government. The difference of course is that while Mao's concerns were well documented, the McCarthyism was ultimately recognized in essence as just being political paranoia.

  46. The Republic of the Congo is the third biggest producer of oil in Africa !!

    Can anyone share more info on this fact as well !!

  47. I suggest we blame Christianity. Christians wiped out the indiginous culture and in 100 years, 85% of the 85M people are now Christians. Women have little power (10th commandment, Genesis 3:16, 1st Corinthians 14:34-35 and dozens more) and on average produce 6.11 children!!!?? This is insanity but given that one of the most noble things a woman can do is bring another child into the kingdom of god, well, that's what they do. By 2050, the Congo is estimated to grow to 150M people in abject poverty. Please, empower women and make contraception free for all and it will make the biggest dent in the horrors ahead. Christians should be ashamed. Another colonial conquest: give them bibles and take their land, prohibit condoms and teach abstinence……..when has this ever worked?

  48. No the democratic republic of Congo is the richest country in the world u uneducated little potato

  49. Who finance those warlords arms acquisition and buy their mining products?
    1. Bill Clinton
    2. Bill Gates
    3. President Kagame of Rwanda
    4. President Museveni of Uganda
    5. US mining corporations
    6. CIA is the dollar's corruption piggy bank.

  50. Without rdc having a phone should be limited lol so be grateful they own 80 of coltan ๐Ÿ˜ผ btw I mean electronic stuff lol ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ=๐Ÿ“บ๐Ÿ“ธ๐Ÿ“ธ๐Ÿ–ฅ๐Ÿ–จ๐Ÿ’ป๐Ÿ“ฑ๐Ÿ“€๐ŸŽฅโŒจ๏ธ๐Ÿ’ป

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