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Foreign Policy Analysis
Which Are the Poorest Countries in the World?

Which Are the Poorest Countries in the World?

As the saying goes: “There’s poor, and
then there’s poor.” The United States, for instance, has relative
poverty, but those living on very meagre earnings, or government handouts, will most of the time
have food to eat and a roof over their head. In 2017, The Guardian reported that around
30 percent of Britain’s children were classified as being poor, and two thirds of them came
from working families. While these children will most of the time
still be fortunate enough to receive a full school education, they may also often be eating
food that came from food banks. But what is it like to live in abject poverty,
with a threadbare safety net hanging below you, if any safety net at all? That’s what we’ll find out today, in this
episode of The Infographics Show, Poorest countries in the world. Don’t forget to subscribe and click the
bell button so that you can be part of our Notification Squad. First of all, when looking at data, the list
of the poorest nations changes from resource to resource, but certain countries stand out. As many of those are in Africa, we will also
choose some countries that are perhaps not the poorest in the world, but are the poorest
in their part of the world. We’ll start with Madagascar, an island nation
in the Indian Ocean off the East coast of Africa. While famed for its unique wildlife and natural
beauty, it’s one of the poorest nations on earth. It was reported in 2015 by the UN that much
of the 25 million population has no secure food supply, and in the same year photos appeared
in the world’s media showing emaciated children that reminded people of African famine in
the 80s. Nine out of 10 people live on less than two
dollars a day. It’s a precarious environment, with droughts,
floods and locust plagues common. Disease is rife, as is malnutrition. The sad thing is UNICEF says the island is
largely ignored in terms of international donors. If we turn to Asia, the poorest nation there
is said to be Afghanistan, which is reportedly slightly poorer than Nepal. The World Bank states that poverty is rising
in the country, writing that lately “1.3 million more Afghans are unable to satisfy
their basic needs.” Due to conflicts, there has been less aid
given to the country, not to mention the damage done to job growth and infrastructure. Much of the country’s population is illiterate
and unskilled, and unemployment there just keeps rising. It’s thought one third of the country’s
34.6 million people are food insecure. It’s also said there are about 3 million
people in the country addicted to opiates. Afghanistan is generally considered the poorest
nation not in Africa, along with some island nations in the Pacific. Another country outside of Africa that is
very poor is the Caribbean nation of Haiti, sometimes regarded as the poorest nation in
the western hemisphere. The BBC reports that the nation may have gained
its independence from France but that came at a “crippling cost”. It’s seen ruthless dictators, economic instability
and terrible natural disasters such as the 2010 earthquake that caused significant damage
to the country’s infrastructure. Almost a third of the country lives in extreme
poverty, and another third are said to be poor. According to World Bank, this means those
in extreme poverty live on less than $1.23 per day and those that are poor live on less
than $2.41 a day. Furthermore, the Borgen Project said in 2017
that half of the 10 million-plus people don’t have a job. Three quarters of households have no running
water and disease and malnutrition is pervasive. In South America, the poorest nation is thought
to be Bolivia. With a population of around 11 million, this
landlocked country that borders Brazil, Peru, Paraguay and Chile, has seen its extreme poverty
rate drop from 38.2 percent to 16.8 percent over the last decade. The worst of the poverty is in the rural parts
of the country, but UNICEF reports that as many as 60 percent of all Bolivians live below
the poverty line. The number is higher in rural areas mainly
because of the fact the country lacks connecting infrastructure to urban areas. These people struggle to find clean drinking
water and services. According to Habitat for Humanity, 58% of
Bolivian families live in slums and have no direct access to basic services or sanitation. The unemployment rate, though, according to
the same source, is only 6.2 percent. Going over to Europe, most sources put Moldova
as the poorest country there. The Eastern European nation that borders Romania
and Ukraine, has a population of around 3.5 million. According to the World Bank, 6 percent of
the country lives on less than $2.50 a day, but the worst hit are those living in rural
communities. Many of these people have no access to clean
drinking water or sewage systems. The country lacks infrastructure, is plagued
by corruption, and job opportunities are few for the rural poor. This is why many have left or are trying to
leave the country. According to the Borgen Project, “Young
people are needed for economic growth, but they will not stay in the country if they
do not see a future there.” When Moldovans were polled in 2017 about what
they most worry about, the top answers were high prices, poverty, corruption and diseases. 73.3 percent of respondents said their earnings
did not give them a decent standard of living. The poll was published by the country’s
state news agency. Back in Africa, there are two countries that
regularly find themselves on the list of poorest in the world. The first one we will talk about is the Democratic
Republic of the Congo, which is sometimes said to have the lowest GDP per capita in
the world. Other sources such as CIA Factbook state that
it is actually Somalia, and other sources such as the World Bank and the International
Monetary Fund state that it is The Central African Republic. We will first talk about the Democratic Republic
of the Congo. This Central African country, called Zaire
for many years, has a population of around 79 million. The country is said to be super rich in resources,
but 63 percent of its citizens live below the poverty line of $1.90 or even one dollar
a day. This is sad, because the World Bank says that
with such good arable land and deposits of natural gas, iron, gold, diamonds, platinum,
ands uranium, it could be one of the richest African nations. Despite this, the average person there will
make around $800 a year. The country, however, has historically been
ravaged and plundered – of minerals and its people for slaves – by European nations,
while the former Soviet Union and the United States also carried out proxy wars there. It’s a nation that has known no peace, and
in recent times has been ruled by vicious dictators that sometimes had support from
the West. The country is still rife with corruption
and this is holding it back. Poverty leads to disease, and this is why
people living there can expect to live on average to only 59 years old. Human rights abuses are so many we could write
an entire show about those alone. As we just said, also at the bottom of the
list of poorest nations is the Central African Republic. Just north of the border to the Democratic
Republic of Congo, it too is said to be very rich in minerals and arable land. The population is about 5 million. Many of these people live on around 750 dollars
a year. About 67 percent of the population lives on
less than a dollar a day. Half of the population are illiterate, with
the average person receiving about 3.5 years of schooling in total. This nation too has seen violent conflicts,
ongoing corruption, and human rights abuses, while disease and malnutrition is widespread. Life expectancy is said to be around 51 years. With no end in sight to violence and corruption,
this mineral rich nation looks like it will remain poor for some time to come. Is life in your country different from life
in the countries we just discussed? Let us know how in the comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video
called Top 10 Most Powerful Militaries! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

100 comments on “Which Are the Poorest Countries in the World?

  1. And by the way people in Moldova dress in expensive clothes like:Gucci ,Dolce & Gabbana ,Chanel ,Dior and more ,I don’t know why are we on this list !

  2. Top 10 Richest Countries in the world
    United Arab Emerites (Dubahi)
    United Kingdom

  3. Fact: He says Zaire is a country, to be in fact Zaire is not a country it is a Sovereign state that’s name that has been changed to the Democratic Republic Of The Congo for some reason…

  4. Seems some billionaire should land in D.R.C.( or Central African Republic),as if it were Pandora. And take over the resources. Except, unlike Pandora, they incorporate the locals into the whole deal. And the local standards of living rise with it

  5. All of this is happening because America is not paying off the debts of more than 7 million dollars?😲😲

  6. i live in la and people cry because people call themselves poor because they don't have gucci …..

  7. romania is poorest country why because high prices to fruit eggs and foods to shops high prices to gas many people his not education homes toliet outside no waters badly roads no more highways and people moving to other countries jobs his low workers etc

  8. I'm from Brazil, one of the most rich countries of world, but the corruption don't allow our country be a first world country 😥.

  9. It's bad that only Europeans get hit with the slavery the USA played a massive part in it once independent

  10. Africa is poor because the REST of the world plunder stuff from Africa all the time

  11. Wow! 800 bucks a year to live on? my car insurance alone is £2250 a year and i thought that was bad. This vid made me appreciate life a little bit more i think.

  12. All I know is that poverty is in all countries in the world, the only difference is that the rich countries' hide their poverty while the poor countries can't show their richness.

  13. I am calling it out, my birth country Guatemala will be on the list.
    Edit: the video just finished and we didn't appear on the list! I still know we're super poor though.

  14. 3:06 "Bolivia (…), this landlocked country that borders Brasil, Peru, Paraguay and Chile (!)" Hey there, what about Argentina ? D: (?)

  15. Poor Bolivia. the Chileans steal their coastline. In order to develope countries better first you need an access to sea

  16. In India even the poorest can earn up to 5-6 dollars a day. And for people in those countries life is very unfair.

  17. Afghanistan poorest then nepal
    i did not even know that

    i hope all the poor country will be rich some day

  18. China: IM RICH
    The Rest of the world: coughs
    China: Your right i guess communism rect me!!!
    Meanwhile Russia is having a civil war
    Rest of the World: Yep Communism rect them

  19. Haha. Roof over heads. Look again, go to New York City. Everywhere you go there's homeless people, but it's sad too.

  20. I had a south african friend who worked as a security guard at Bilgate's guest house.He became a millionaire in his own village.

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