West Bengal Legislative Assembly | Wikipedia audio article
The West Bengal Legislative Assembly is the
unicameral legislature of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is Located in the B. B.
D. Bagh area of Kolkata (Calcutta)-the Capital of the state. Members of the Legislative assembly
are directly elected by the people. The legislative assembly comprises 295 Members of Legislative
Assembly, which include 294 members directly elected from single-seat constituencies and
one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. Its term is five years, unless sooner dissolved.==History==The history of the West Bengal Legislature
can be traced back to 18 January 1862 when under the Indian Councils Act of 1861, a 12
Member Legislative Council for Bengal Presidency was established by the Governor-General of
British India with the Lt. Governor of Bengal and some nominated members. The strength of
the Council was gradually enlarged by subsequent acts. Under the Indian Councils Act of 1892,
the maximum strength of the Council was raised to 20 out of which seven were to be elected.
The Indian Councils Act of 1909 further raised the number of members of the Council to 50.
Under the 1919 Government of India Act, the number of members of the Legislative Council
was once again raised to 125. The Bengal Legislative Council constituted under the Act of 1919
was formally inaugurated on 1 February 1921 by the Duke of Connaught. A few years later, under the provisions of
the 1935 Government of India Act, two chambers of the Bengal Provincial Legislature: the
Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly, were created. The life of the Assembly, consisting
of 250 members, was to be five years unless dissolved sooner; while the Council, with
a membership of not less than 63 and not more than 65, was made a permanent body and not
subject to dissolution with the provision that one-third of the members should retire
every three years. On the eve of Independence in 1947, Bengal
Province was partitioned into West Bengal and East Bengal (East Pakistan). The West
Bengal Legislative Assembly was constituted with 90 members representing the constituencies
that fell within the area of West Bengal and two nominated members from Anglo-Indian community.
The Bengal Legislative Council stood abolished. The Legislative Assembly met for the first
time after Independence on 21 November 1947. The Constitution of India again provided for
a bicameral Legislature for West Bengal. Accordingly, the West Bengal Legislative Council consisting
of 51 members was constituted on 5 June 1952. The number of members in the Legislative Assembly
was 240 including two nominated members from the Anglo-Indian Community. After the first
General Elections, the new Assembly met for the first time on 18 June 1952.
On 21 March 1969, a resolution was passed by the West Bengal Legislative Assembly for
the abolition of the Legislative Council. Subsequently, Indian Parliament passed the
West Bengal Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1969 abolishing the Legislative Council
with effect from 1 August 1969.==Present Members