Gayblack Canadian Man

Foreign Policy Analysis
Parth Vaishnav: Better Energy Policies

Parth Vaishnav: Better Energy Policies

So I work on questions that relate to energy
policy and which focus on the environmental impacts of energy choices. So one of the things that I spend a lot of
my time working on is greenhouse gas emissions from civil aviation. These turn out to be roughly 2% of human CO2
emissions. That sounds small, but it’s roughly the
same proportion of emissions as Germany, so proportionally it’s quite big. So one of the things I do is try and analyze
proposals for regulating greenhouse gas emissions for efficiency to see how much of the emissions
they cover, and also to see whether they can be gamed easily. Another piece of work is with a Ph.D. student
in our department who is part of the CMU-Portugal program. His name is Jaime Bonnin Roca, and I co-advise
him with Professor Granger Morgan and Professor Erica Fuchs. So Jaime is working on different ways in which
metallic additive manufacturing, that is metallic 3-D printing, can be introduced into civil
aviation, in a way which captures all of the benefits of the technology but does not make
aviation less safe. So the work on additive manufacturing that
we’re doing with Jaime, we’re trying to think of the ways in which the technology
can do the most good, derive the most benefit, without increasing the amount of risk associated
with the technology. So we wanted to diffuse as widely as possible
to small and large firms who can do creative and innovative things with it. The other piece of work that I’m doing is
with Professor Granger Morgan and Professor Inês Azevedo that deals with the social cost
of carbon. And this is the damage that an additional
ton of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere does. And we’re trying to improve our understanding
of what that damage is. The work on social cost of carbon is just
getting started, but the idea there would be to point out and to try and think of ways
that capture the damage that carbon dioxide does to, for example, ecosystems and people’s
livelihoods. Most current measures of the social cost of
carbon which focus on income and consumption do not do currently.

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