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Foreign Policy Analysis
Oceans & Fisheries Diplomatic Simulation: Role of Fisheries in Preserving Global Ecosystems

Oceans & Fisheries Diplomatic Simulation: Role of Fisheries in Preserving Global Ecosystems

Fisheries resources are not something that
just exists on their own; they are intimately connected to the marine environment. From the very basic issues of–if you have
pollution, then you don’t have babies being born, which aren’t growing up to be the
fish that we want to catch and eat but also obviously fisheries are an important part
of the food web in all levels and all the things that we as humans catch are just about
at all different levels of the food chain from the top predators like tunas down to
the very bottom things like krills that are an important part of fish meal that goes into
a number of a fish vitamins that you take or the food that is fed to salmon that are
raised in a farm comes from that. So all of those different pieces of the food
web are important and therefore you can’t look at fisheries in isolation because each
one of those things is interconnected. At the same time too, fishing can have an
effect on the marine environment. Certain kinds of fishing activities uh including
certain kinds of gear that can scrape along the bottom of the ocean using dynamite or
cyanide to paralyze fish to make them easier to catch. You can imagine that also has a tremendous
effect on the actual physical structure of the ocean. the bottom line is that fish is a really important
food, which is a really good source of protein and in fact if you look around the world about
40% of the world’s population relies on fishes as key source of their animal protein
in their diet every every year. But even more than just the protein, it’s
also a source of tremendously rich nutrition people eat fish oil pills because they learned
that omega 3 fatty acids that you find very often in marine fish are very good for developing
brain and cardiovascular health and all that sort of stuff plus other micronutrients. There are a lot of reasons to eat fish, but
the key thing is that fish needs to be sustainable. It needs to be either raised or caught in
a way that doesn’t have all of these negative impacts on the marine environment and you
need to have the confidence as a consumer that what you’re getting is what you think
you’re getting and that in buying this fish that you’re not supporting activities that
are going to be problematic down the road.

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