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Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) | Wikipedia audio article

Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) | Wikipedia audio article


A Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) is
a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district (constituency) to the
legislature of the State government in the Indian system of government. Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) are
elected by the people. From Each constituency, the people elected
one representative who then becomes a member of parliament the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Each state has between seven and nine MLAs
for every Member of Parliament (MP) that it has in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of India’s
bicameral parliament. There are also members in two unicameral legislatures
in Union Territories: the Delhi Legislative Assembly and Puducherry Legislative Assembly.==State legislature==
In states where there are two houses there is a Legislative Council and a Legislative
Assembly. In such a case, the Legislative Council is
the Upper House, while Legislative Assembly is the Lower House of the State Legislature. The Governor shall not be a member of the
Legislature or Parliament, shall not hold any office of profit, and shall be entitled
to emoluments and allowances. (Article 158 of Indian constitution). The Legislative Assembly consists of not more
than 500 members and not fewer than 60. The biggest state, Uttar Pradesh, has 403
members in its Assembly. States which have small populations and are
small in size have a provision for having an even lesser number of members in the Legislative
Assembly. Puducherry has 30 members. Mizoram and Goa have only 40 members each. Sikkim has 32. All members of the Legislative Assembly are
elected on the basis of adult franchise, and one member is elected from one constituency. Just as the President has the power to nominate
two Anglo Indians to the Lok Sabha, similarly, the Governor has the power to nominate one
member from the Anglo Indian community as he/she deems fit, if he/she is of the opinion
that they are not adequately represented in the Assembly.==Qualification==
The qualifications to become a member of the state Legislature are largely similar to the
qualifications to be a member of Parliament. i) The person should be a citizen of India
ii) not less than 25 years of age to be a member of the Legislative Assembly and not
less than 30 years as per Article 173 of Indian Constitution to be a member of the Legislative
Council. No person can become a member of the Legislative
Assembly or the Legislative Council of any state, unless the individual is a voter from
any constituency of the state. Those who cannot become members of Parliament
also cannot become members of the state legislature. The member is elected by the people of that
particular constituency and represents those people in the legislative assembly and debates
on issues related to his or her constituency. The MLA’s position is like an MP, but the
difference is only that MLA is in the state level and the MP is in the national level.==Term==
The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. However, it may be dissolved earlier than
that by the Governor on the request of the Chief Minister. The term of the Legislative Assembly may be
extended during an emergency, but not more than six months at a time. The Legislative Council is the Upper House
in the State. Just like the Rajya Sabha it is a permanent
House. The members of the state’s upper house are
selected based on the strength of each party in the lower house and by state gubernatorial
nomination. The term of is six years, and a third of the
members of the House retire after every two years. The upper house of a state assembly, unlike
the Upper house of the Parliament, can be abolished by the lower house, if it passes
a specific law bill, which states to dissolve the upper house, and gets it attested in both
houses of parliament and then signed by the president into law. Only Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir,
Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh have their upper houses in existence
with 6 year term, J&K also has 6 year term lower house. All other states have abolished the upper
house by the above-mentioned method, as the upper house causes unnecessary problems and
issues.==Powers==
The most important function of the legislature is law making. The State Legislature has the power to make
laws on all items on which Parliament cannot legislate. Some of these items are police, prisons, irrigation,
agriculture, local governments, public health, pilgrimages, and burial grounds. Some topics on which both Parliament and states
can make laws are education, marriage and divorce, forests, and the protection of wild
animals and birds. As regards money bills, the position is the
same. Bills can originate only in the Legislative
Assembly. The Legislative Council can either pass the
bill within 14 days of the date of the receipt of the Bill or suggest changes in it within
14 days. These changes may or may not be accepted by
the Assembly. The state legislature, besides making laws,
has one electoral power, in electing the President of India. Elected members of the Legislative Assembly
along with the elected members of Parliament are involved in this process. Some parts of the Constitution can be amended
by Parliament with the approval of half of state legislatures. Thus the state legislatures take part in the
process of amendment of the Constitution.==MLA party memberships as of 11 Dec 2018
====Presiding officers==
Similar to the Presiding officers of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, the Legislative
Assembly and the Legislative Council also have Presiding Officers. The Legislative Assembly has a Speaker and
a Deputy Speaker and the Legislative Council has a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman. They are elected from among the members of
the House.==See also==
Election Commission of India

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