Gayblack Canadian Man

Foreign Policy Analysis
Language and Literacy Development: Imperialism

Language and Literacy Development: Imperialism

So, we’re discussing the imperialism, okay? We’re continuing that discussion. Okay? Now, there was a big debate as far as, you
know, when—Why do you guys think… from your guys, when you guys did your projects,
why do you think…what was the biggest reason the U.S. kind of took over these smaller,
weaker nations? (inaudible) You think it was what? We could trade with
them, right? To get money. What else? They had what? (inaudible) We get what in return? Land. Land, okay. Oil or other resources, right?
That’s true. You’re right. Okay, anything else? Any other reason? (inaudible) They wanna keep the land away from other people,
yes. Because they were afraid somebody else who’s stronger might take over lands. ‘Kay, like
Hawai‘i. One of the reasons they took over Hawai‘i— Sugarcane. Was because…Why was Hawai‘i so important? Why was what? Why was Hawai‘i important to the United
States? We’re in the middle of the ocean. And what…why does that make— (inaudible) We have a great harbor, right? And why is that important? ‘Cause then,
on the way to where? Any other place. Yeah. They’re like…we’re like the gas station. Yeah. That’s right, yeah. So on the way to, like,
if they had to go somewhere in China, Asia, Philippines, whatever. Right? They could go
stop by here, United States, and then go back. All right. Right, so there was a lot of interest:
land, money, resources, strategic military places. All those things were important. Okay. These people imperialists wanted to take over
the other land. They felt United States was strong and, therefore, we should conquer other
nations. We should utilize the resources and civilize the savages. ‘Kay? Against the
anti-imperialists, the people who didn’t want to go and bother these other countries.
They wanted…said leave people alone, they have a right to exist on their own, let ’em
go. Okay? So there was a big debate. Today, we’re
gonna read three articles as groups. ‘Kay? And this kind of shows kind of the arguments
between the imperialists and the anti-imperialists. One of them is entitled “In Defense of Imperialism.”
This was written by somebody who said we should go out and conquer nations. I want you to
pay attention to what he says, in terms, about people who live…people who are being conquered.
Okay? The people who are being conquered. “White Man’s Burden”…anybody ever
heard of “White Man’s Burden” before? (inaudible) This article has several poems. They’re
short poems, like a few lines each. Okay? But there’s both imperialists and anti-imperialists
writing these poems, okay? And so you’ll see something here in the poems about “white
man’s burden” and “brown man’s burden.” You’re gonna have to interpret what those
mean. Okay? And finally, the third document is a letter from Queen Lili‘uokalani. Who was
Queen Lili‘uokalani? Our last reigning queen. King Kalakaua’s sister. The last reigning monarch of Hawai‘i. Yes.
She wrote a letter—When was the Hawaiian monarchy overthrown? Long time ago. 1893. Oh, you on it. 1893, yes. She wrote a letter to the government saying,
basically, asking them not…asking the United States not to annex Hawai‘i or make Hawai‘i
a part of the United States. Oh, you guys are doing “White Man’s Burden.” Yeah. So, you’re all doing different ones. So
you guys are doing… (reading) Okay. They half devil, half child, yeah? They half devil, half child. So what is— Yeah, they half devil and half child. So who’s half devil, half child? The white man. Is it? Is he referring to the white man? No. Who’s he talking about? Referring to everybody else… Everybody else, right? …but the white people. So what is…half devil, have child…instead
of using the word half devil, half child, what is he saying about the people who are
not— Uncivilized. They savages. They’re savages. They’re uncivilized,
right? So what is he saying we should do? Kill ’em. They say that they gotta take over and teach
them, yeah? Teach them, yeah, that’s right. So, when
he says, “Take up the white man’s burden,” what is the white man’s burden? To civilize all the savages. Civilize the savages, right? Like tame beast, ah? And why is it the white man’s burden? Because they saying that the white man is
the only smart people that can do it. Okay, good. So, right? That make sense? So, does…I mean, how does that feel? I mean,
look at that: “Send forth the best ye breed— Go, bind your sons to exile to serve your captives’
need.” ‘Kay? So, yeah, you’re exactly right. They’re
saying the whites are the— Top, yeah? Yeah, the civilized—Huh? The whites are the top and the others are
uncivilized. That’s right. That’s right. And so it’s
our what? What’s the…the burden is for us to go out and? Civilize them. Civilize them, right, right. So you can see how people who said… we talked
about the imperialists, right? The people who wanted to go out and conquer other worlds.
Can you see how they could use this and say, “Yeah, see. This is…the brown people are
the savages and, since we’re civilized, we need to go teach them how to be civilized
people”? (inaudible) ‘Kay, let’s go on to the next one. (reading) “Pile on the brown man’s burden
to gratify your greed; Go, clear away the Negroes,
who progress would impede; Be very stern, for truly,
’tis useless to be mild With new-caught, sullen peoples,
half devil and half child. Pile on the brown man’s burden;
and, if ye rouse his hate, Meet his old-fashioned reasons
with Maxims up to date. With shells and dumdum bullets
a hundred times made plain The brown man’s loss must ever
imply the white man’s gain.” Okay, that’s a long one. Any words you guys
didn’t understand in this one? “Must ever imply” “Ever imply”? No, “must ever” Imply means to mean. What is “dumdum”? Dumdum bullets, okay. At the bottom, it’s
right here. “Dumdum bullets expanded on impact.” If you look at the little thing
over there. There’s a couple words. Maxim… Maxim meant machine gun. And dumdum bullets are
the bullets that expand. So when they— You ever seen the bullets…I think the police
use them? When the bullet makes the impact, it expands, so it causes more damage. Mushroom bullets? I’m sorry? The sand bags? Like the mushroom bullets, like when it goes
in there, the shell goes like that? Yeah, those ones. Yeah, those are the ones.
Yeah, not the sand ones. Not the ones that explode, but the ones they expand. I don’t
know, maybe— Oh, that’s the one that da kine…they look
so little, but then they gon’ come big. Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah. That’s the one.
Yup. Beanbag (inaudible) But they cause damage, so…anyway, what is
this, what do you think this one’s message is? What is the brown man’s burden? What’s
the brown man’s burden? To be lower than the white people. To be lower than the white people. They what? That’s what they said, ah, inside: “the
brown man’s loss must ever imply the white man’s gain.” Yeah, what does that mean? Like their loss must mean something to the
white man. Okay. You said something earlier like… what
is the— The white people can always be the top. They always gotta be the top. Okay, the white people always gotta be the
top. What else were you gonna say? What he said. Okay. Okay. So, what’s the purpose of the brown man
in the world according to this poem? He’s being sarcastic. Do you think he’s serious?
Do you think he really feels like this? I think he’s being kind of sarcastic because
he’s using parts of the previous poem, right? (inaudible) Yeah. Yeah, they copying. Copying. But I think he’s being sarcastic.
He’s kind of against it. What is— He’s just saying that, inside all of this,
that’s the same thing as this, ah? Yeah. Yeah. But what is…what is he trying to say here? What is the purpose of the brown man in this poem? Slaves. To be like…Yeah. To be slaves, right? Maybe to serve the white man’s interest.
Right. What do you think the message of this poet
is? They got machine guns…(inaudible) Browns gotta be slaves. Browns gotta be slaves, ‘kay. Do you think
this, the poet really feels that way about brown people or is he being, like, sarcastic? He was being sarcastic. He is, right? Like…something. ‘Cause what is…how do you know the poet’s
being sarcastic? Just the way he said ’em… “white man’s
gain,” stuff like that. Yeah, okay. So what does it make the white
man look like? Um, savages. Right. It’s kind of ironic, right, ’cause
it makes the white man look like savages. Right. Okay. Does that kind of make sense? Okay, let’s look at the third one. What is this poet talking about? Killing people. Killing people? Okay. What does it say? “Take up the sword and
rifle, send forth your ships with speed, to join the nations’ scramble—” Wait, war, yeah? Oh, no. (inaudible) …to join the white people, come be with
us. Okay, sort of. But what are they— “And
vie with them in greed.” “…join the nations’ scramble.” What
were they doing? What were some nations doing? Scrambling. They’re trying to take up all the land. That’s right. Who was trying to take up
all the land? White nations. White nations, okay, European nations, right?
‘Kay, like England, France, Germany, United States, okay? So it’s saying let’s go forth, let’s
join them in this scramble to…in their greed, to take up these lands. Good, good, good.
All right. Now, the next part right here…“Go find
your goods a market, beyond the western flood, The heathen who withstand you shall answer
it in blood.” Yeah, I know what that means. What does that mean? It means you gotta take what you like and
then if, like, somebody like them too, then you gotta kill ’em. Kill ’em. That’s right. So take what you want. What
does it mean by “Go find your goods a market”? What happened in factories and manufacturers? Mass production. Mass production. What else? What happened in the United States? Slaves, ah? It’s two words. Slavery. Industrial Revolution. Industrial Revolution, right. Right. That’s
good. Good, good. So, what…after— Okay, let’s say you make, like we talked about…you
make cars, right? Everybody in the whole United States has cars. What’s gonna happen to
you? You gotta sell ’em out of— You gotta sell ’em outside someplace else,
right? So finding goods a market…this tells you one of the reasons why they were taking
over other lands, because— ‘Cause then they could sell ’em. They could sell their goods, that’s right.
And the companies can make money, right? ‘Cause Industrial Revolution, people were making
lot of things, right? And so he says, “Go find your goods a—” So he’s talking about…this poet is talking
about how the white countries, or I guess industrialized countries, like the United
States, France, and England, whatever, they were producing stuff, and they had to sell it someplace. So, by conquering these lands, they found markets for their goods. Does that
make sense? Yeah. Yeah, so that’s what he’s talking about
in here. Okay. That last part, I just wanna talk about the
last section right here. “Go with it to your Maker, find what excuse ye can—Rob
for the sake of justice, kill for the love of man.” What does this person feel about
that, taking over countries and using them for markets and all that kind of stuff? Do you kill because you love man? Or do
you rob for justice? Do you rob people because it’s— No. Just, no, right? It’s kind of sarcastic again. It’s kind
of making…it’s mocking what people do because he’s saying that, his thing is,
like, the industrialized countries are… they’re saying, “oh, we’re—”…you know, like
we talked about the last poet says “we gotta civilize them, we’re doing it for civilizing.”
But what is he saying the real reason is? Greedy. So then they can rob them. Rob them and kill
them. That’s right…because of greed. So even
though they say that they’re out…that “oh, we’re gonna help these savages become
civilized,” what their real intention is is, you know, to make…for greed…because
they’re greedy, they wanna make money. Okay, so what I want you guys to—You guys
have any questions or any other things that you guys wanna discuss? Nope. Okay. So can you guys…you think you can
discuss and answer the four questions here?

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