Gayblack Canadian Man

Foreign Policy Analysis

Dr. Holliman | History on Public Administration

>>We are now going to talk about
just a little more on the history of public administration and
referring to these slides as sort of some “golden oldies” in other
words some of the founders of the public administration
concept and practice. Much of this is attributed
to Woodrow Wilson before he became president of the United States
during the 1880s he was president of Princeton University
and during that tenure he developed various writings on public
administration including a book and he developed this notion
of the administration politics dichotomy that is the
administrative politics dichotomy where as administrators should carry out
the essential duties of government the daily operations and politics
should be separated and only conducted by elected representatives either
at the local, state, or federal level. Max Weber, you may have heard of,
was basically a sociologist, a psychologist, a management theorist
from Germany back in the 1800s, and he basically coined
the term bureaucracy which really means office of the bureau
and so this included the principle of fixed and official jurisdictional
areas an office hierarchy with the levels of graded authority management
was based on written documents and specialized office
through expert training. Other “Origins and Development
of the Field” we have again the public administration dichotomy
of Wilson the ideal type of bureaucracy from Weber and then we have
this concept of comparative public administration which was a
move away from US-centered PA and it takes a more
global look if you will. From the 1960s to the
early 1970s we had what’s referred to as ‘new’ public administration
which really considered the obligations of public administration
to society it included activism in the raucous 1960s concern
with ethics and more realistic solutions to problems we have the post
modernist movement that kind of moved away from rationality as an answer
and that’s sort of again an offshoot of post-modernism that
believes that you know solutions and-and-and life and things that occurred
are far more relative and there doesn’t always have to be rational
responses to solving issues. A new public administration,
or new public management I should say essentially government was -should
be decentralized it included a great deal of contracting out services
to the private sector it was very popular in particular in the latter 1980s
through the 1990s President Clinton and Vice President Gore basically
touted these principles largely from a book called “Reinventing Government”
by Osborn and Gabler. It was a little bit of a fad
we still practice some NPM today but not to the extent
as in the 1990s when it was very popular. “Comparative methodology”
if we’re going to look at differences between public administration
among different cultures nations etc. Things that we need to use
as a basis for comparison or focus for comparison is bureaucracy
what are their bureaucratic structures like, how entrenched and
bureaucracy are different governments, the organizational setting, and the overall
ecology and evolution of administration.

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