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Arizona Illustrated Episode 609

Arizona Illustrated Episode 609

(acoustic guitar tune) – [Tom] This week on Arizona Illustrated, a controversial fight. – We’ll go to bat for a snail, the same way we go to bat for a jaguar. Because it’s all of
creation that we care about. – [Tom] The Hollywood Barber. A look back. – They’re not just
somebody you’re gonna take your six, seven dollars way from him. You got to treat ’em special. – [Tom] From Far Afield, Kate Meyer. – [Kate] Often our bodies
become these vessels for harboring so many feelings
that we can’t distinguish. – Welcome to Arizona Illustrated. I’m Tom McNamara. For the past three years,
Federal laws have policies aimed at protecting biological resources and the environment had been rolled back. Many of those efforts have
been challenged in court. This is our look inside the Tucson Bay Center
for Biological Diversity, one of the most influential
and controversial environment groups pushing back against the Trump administration, and how some of those fights
are playing out in our region. (light acoustic tune) – [Narrator] Whenever
there’s a major project that could effect animals
or the environment, chances are high that the
Center for Biological Diversity is trying to stop it. To their supporters, they’re
helping save the planet. To their detractors,
they’re a wealthy, radical, anti development group that manipulates the Endangered Species Act to stop resource development
and human activity. Some of their battles are playing
out in and around Arizona. They’re against the proposed
Rosemont Copper mine, the villages at Vigneto
housing development in Benson, and construction of a border wall. – [Man] We are just south of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. It’s designated wilderness. That means Congress have
voted to designate this place with the highest degree of
Federal land protection possible. We are watching the first panels of Trump’s brand new border
wall be installed here. – [Narrator] The Trump
administration has waved dozens of environmental laws to expedite
border wall construction. – Before this construction occurred, the vast majority of the
border here was composed of vehicle barriers. These are really small,
waist high fences that stop vehicle traffic from crossing the border. They’re completely permeable to wildlife. They allow Sonoran
Pronghorn or Bighorn sheep to jump over or under. This wall right behind
me on the other hand, this will stop almost
every terrestrial species in their tracks. This wall will fragment the best protected Sonoran Desert ecosystem
on the planet, in two. The truth is, that hundreds of miles of
wall are planned right now, and in large part, I think people haven’t
taken this threat seriously. Now, to our dismay, we’re
watching these walls be built. (beep, beep, beep) Now is the time for an
outpouring of public opposition. First off, people need to
realize that it’s happening right now before our eyes. My name’s Laiken Jordahl. I’m the Borderlands Campaigner with the Center for Biological Diversity. – The Center of Biological
Diversity started 30 years ago. At the time, I and three other friends met up in Arizona and in Mexico and bonded over our love and concern
for endangered species. (camera rolling) We were originally out reserved in Mexico. Very rural area. Beautiful. As we became larger, we
really didn’t need to operate out of a significant city. We were ready to go really
anywhere in the south west, ’cause we were working
at that regional level and we chose Tucson because
it’s just a great community for progressive politics, so, a lot of environmentalists
already there. It was a really supportive community, and it’s been our Headquarters ever since. (light airy tune) Amazingly, it’s grown from
four young volunteers, to today a staff of 180
scientists, lawyers, activists and mediant people. The unifying theme always, is the extinction crisis which is global, national, it’s local, and
saving species from extinction is the heart of everything we do. – We don’t prioritize
one species over another. It’s just, how likely are we to win? How likely is it to
actually make a difference on the ground for those species? How much will be protected? We’ll go to bat for a snail, the same way we go to bat for a jaguar. Because it’s all of
creation that we care about. – The center is probably best known for the amount of litigation we do. We do more environmental
litigation than any other environmental group in the country. – [Narrator] Since Donald
Trump’s inauguration, the Center for Biological Diversity has sued the Federal government
173 times and counting. That’s more than one lawsuit every week. (thud) – Most of what’s behind us
here is National Forest. It’s Coronado National Forest. It belongs to all of us Americans. Some of this land behind us belongs to Hudbay Mining Company. There’s about a thousand
acres directly behind me here, which would be the area where
the open pit itself would be, but they are not able
to do the mine without dumping their toxic waste
on the National Forest, and we’re working very hard to prevent them from doing that. – [Narrator] Supporters of
the Rosemont Copper Mine say it’ll bring much needed
jobs and cash to the region. The center joined other
environmental groups and tribes in lawsuits to block construction. In July 2019, a Federal judge
sided with the opponents of the mine, saying Hudbay Minerals lacks valid mining claims
on the public lands where it plans to dump tailings. – [Man] They will almost
certainly appeal this ruling to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, but it may be a year and a half before the Ninth Circuit
has a chance to look at it. In the meantime, they cannot move forward. They do not have a valid
permit to mine here. The Center for Biological
Diversity’s fights against projects like
the Rosemont Copper Mine, have attracted controversy, as have, some of the groups tactics. The Center for Biological
Diversity is fierce. I think that’s the word. We fight like jaguars. We fight like badgers. We see this as an emergency. (light inquisitive tune) – Well the center has been
called confrontational. I don’t know if that’s exactly right, but we’re certainly aggressive. We’re not afraid of controversy, because we’re here to
change the status quo. The status quo is unsustainable. It’s untenable. It’s causing mass extinction of species, and you can’t change the status
quo with that controversy. So, if you’re not making waves, if corporations and
Congressman are not mad at you, it’s probably ’cause you’re
not gettin’ much done. – I’m Sue Chilton. We live here in Arivaca, Arizona, and this is my husband, Jim. – Jim Chilton. Been married for 56 years, and I learned how to say
yes dear a long time ago. – He’s quite good at it. – [Narrator] The Chilton’s
run a 50 thousand acre cattle ranch in Souther Arizona. The vast majority of their
ranch is leased public land. – 150 hippies from New
York moved out here, and they celebrated every May Day here. They were good people. I enjoyed ’em. On one May Day, over 500 people were camped here and danced here, and partied here. They have a real good time. A member of the Center
for Biological Diversity camped right over behind that stump there. He camped and partied and
had a good time, I hope. But, seven to 10 days later, he came by and he took a photograph
of two cows laying there on then the pulverized ground. The caption underneath the photograph, Ruby Pasture 100% Utilized. It was really due to the big party, and the Center for Biological Diversity demanded that my grazing permit with the Forest Service be taken away. – [Narrator] The Chilton’s
sued the center for defamation and after several years, were awarded $600,000 in damages. They remained outspoken critics of the Center for Biological
Diversity in the years since. They want to stop everything. Stop growth, stop employment, stop people living on the land. – They use whatever species
happens to be convenient. They work to get it listed as endangered, and to get habitat designed for it, and limit all activity on that habitat. – [Jim] They’re saving the country. Saving all these species, and me? I believe in development. – [Narrator] Jim Chilton’s on the Board of the recently Founded South
Western Communities Coalition, a group that advocating for
the villages of Vigneto, a large housing development
outside of Benson, Arizona. The Center for Biological
Diversity has sued to stop it. – In Cochise County, the
population is decreasing, and with planned development in just 12 thousand
acres out of the million, you need to have places
where people can live. They create jobs. They create jobs, jobs, jobs. – Well there’s good
economical development, and there’s bad economic development. If economic development means
that we have to sacrifice the integrity of our water supply, and the quantity that ensures our water security in the future, no. We’re gonna fight that. – Everything we do to
make the forest healthier, make them better places
for humans to go to when we files suit and stop air pollution, the air is easier to breathe for humans. I believe that our whole mission makes life better for people, by making it better for plants, and animals and wild places. (rustling bushes) – I see myself on a level with
all these species, you know? Like, we’re all in it together. We’re all in this together, and if the bees, and the
frogs and the jaguars start winkin’ out, it makes me nervous. Scientists say that
about 50% of the species on the entire planet can go
extinct in the next century. Well, I don’t know about you but, I’m a species on this planet, and I would prefer to have
better than 50/50 odds. You know what I mean?
(chuckles) So, we should be fighting this fight for our kids, and our grandkids. Not only so they can grow up
in a world that’s still alive, but so that they themselves
have a world that’s livable. (light acoustic tune) – We are at Quitobaquito Springs. We’re also just a stones throw away from the International Border. About 150 feet in that
direction is the border, where new border wall
construction is planned. It’s this beautiful
pond with surface water, which is miraculous in the Sonoran Desert. I mean, we’re in one of the
hottest and driest places in all of Arizona, and yet we have this lush, desert oasis. As a result, we also have
two endangered species that call this Spring home. The Quitobaquito Pup Fish, and the Sonoyta mud turtle. Neither of those species live
anywhere else in this country. So, if we damage this Spring as a result of border wall construction, that will mean extinction
for both of those species. Prior to working for the center, I actually worked here, at Oregon Pipe with the National Park Service. I left the National Park Service shortly after Trump was
elected, inaugurated. Everyone was very, very nervous to examine any of the impacts
of border militarization, or the border wall. Folks were extremely hesitant
to talk about climate change, so it felt like a
critical time to step out of a Government agency, and work in a way where I could play more of an active, advocacy role. Calling alarm, drawing attention
to these really significant issues that threaten life
in the Sonoran Desert. – [Narrator] Border wall
construction has now begun about eight miles from
Quitobaquito Springs. – In centuries past,
humans did a lot of damage ’cause they didn’t really have the science to know any better. We didn’t know how deadly and toxic some of these materials are. We didn’t know that there was not an
endless supply of water. (chuckles) But now we have the
science, and we know better. There’s no excuse for humans to drive species extinct anymore. I mean, we can coexist. All we have to do, is come up with the political
will to make it happen. – People often ask me, how do you keep enough hope to do this work when you look around, and you see the destruction
going on around us? For me, that question
gets everything backwards, because it’s doing the conservation work that makes me hopeful. It’s not hope that makes me
do the conservation work. The best solace is activism, and if you feel bad, if you
feel depressed, get out. Do something. Take an action. You’re gonna feel better,
you’re gonna feel energized and it’s what the world needs. That’s been pretty much
our motto from day one. – Now, from our Far Afield series, this is Kate Meyer with, Our Bodies Become These Vessels. A live, collaborative,
painting and performance piece about the long lasting impact of intimate partner violence and trauma. (somber music) – Often, our bodies become these vessels for harboring so many feelings that we can’t distinguish which ones are which, or what for. Tingling, masking our guilt and shame for not keeping them safe, numb when the pain and the panic set in, restless and tired all at once, with aches and anxiety deep in that hole in
the pit of our stomachs, and the depths of our
chest, and we hate them. These bodies that trigger
and trap us inside. These bodies that feel nothing,
and everything all at once. These cracked shells that
are supposed to protect us, but can’t do their jobs of fighting when it’s time to fight, of fleeing when it’s time to flee, and we hold it all inside and it eats away like an acid bath that washes over and cleans us out until we
are nothing but a hollow. You can hear the wind whistle through because we become these vessels for harboring our
feelings that are mirrored and reexperience over,
and over on the flesh and on the skin, and in the bones because our bodies become these vessels. – [Tim] To see more of Kate
Meyers performance art, you can visit our website at and search for
our story, A Safe Place. – [Announcer] Like what you
see on Arizona Illustrated? Visit our webpage at
to watch and share stories from this and previous episodes, and like us on Facebook,
where you can watch stories, comment, and share your own story ideas. You can also follow us
on Twitter and Instagram, where we share photos
and links about the show, and what’s happening in our community. – In the summer of 2015, we told you the story of
Tucson Barber, Teacher, Mentor and business owner, Ray Campas, the award winning and much revered owner of Hollywood Barber College,
passed away recently. We wanted to share his
story with you again. This is the Hollywood Barber. (upbeat jazz music) – He wants this place to look nice. Everybody has a chore,
so get your chores done. – He’s always watching. He sees everything. He’s always telling us
to stand up straight, don’t slouch, look professional. – I feel like I’m privileged to learn from someone that good. He started just when he was young as me, so hopefully I’ll end up just like him. – Ray? I mean, he’s old school. He’s done it for 50 plus years. – I believe Ray knows everything. (laughs) (applause) – Let’s say you’re walking
in here into the shop. I’m not looking at your shoes, I’m not looking at your clothes. I’m looking at your hair. Picture the hair cut and I tell ’em we’re not selling clothes, we’re not selling shoes. We’re selling hair cuts. My name is Ray Campas, and I’m the owner of
Hollywood Barber College. (click, click, click) Remember the light’s
bud as your guide, okay? I’ll be 81 next month. Start a little lower than that, okay? I been the Teacher for a while. Something like 22 years now, I guess. Put this comb in this corner here. – Oh, I’ve learned everything from Ray. – Very good, very good. – Just watching his techniques. – My name is Carrie Denious, and I am an instructor here
at Hollywood Barber College. The straight razor, you need to make sure that you’re not pushing
– No. too hard down. As a student, I loved it. That’s why I came back. I consider him family. He’s an extraordinary barber. I’ve learned so much. I learn still so much. You’re more susceptible
to chopping it off, so nice and easy. Anytime you watch, you can pick up something
new and different that he might do that
maybe he might not say. You just kind of watch the detail. I think that’s exciting. (saddening music) – At your eyes, show you
the darkness, the shadows, the shadows make a good haircut. – Take it by the ear, that’s what? – My folks wanted me to go to College. They couldn’t afford it. So, I seen an ad in the
paper, Tucson Barber College. My group was the second group
of graduating from there. That’s how I got into barbering. I work at night and came
to school in the daytime. (buzzing) Way back in 53, 1953, I started. I was at a shop called Mistro’s. Good, an Italian guy. He got me. He offered me a job while
I was in Barber College. He taught me a lot of just
how to take care of customers. We’re still lot of cut. – Maybe that’s what makes his part. – Yeah. You’re gonna grab it this way. It’s not just somebody you’re gonna take your six,
seven dollars away from. I mean, you know you got
to treat ’em special. – Nice. Thank you Ray. – They come in and they
tell me they got a birthday, well it don’t cost you nothing. Happy Birthday. – Thank you. You’re doing good.
(buzz) when it comes to barbering,
there’s always someone watching. Whether it be the guy cutting next to you, the guy being cut next to you. You never know who’s gonna
walk in through that door and you should aways
treat everybody the same. (smooth music) (foreign language) I grew up at the valley of Hollywood and we opened a shop there. At the time I was
married and my wife said, “what are we gonna name it?” “You’re at the bottom
of Hollywood,” I said. “So, we’ll name it Hollywood.” That’s how the name stuck. At that time, everybody got
a shave on their way to work. It was always the first,
same customers every morning. There were more to being a barber. There was more in the industry. There was always something
new that would come up and I wanted to learn it. I kept learning as much as I could, to where I could do just
about anything with hair. When you gonna do that, you
got to really take it up. This here, I was getting an award
(joyful classical music) for the State Championship, Arizona. Here’s another one. State Championship from Phoenix, Arizona. California Championship. The California Southern
Division State Championship, and we won all six trophies. It got be a habit. Wherever there was a show,
competition, I wanted to go. This is me. This is Ralph. Ralph passed away. Angel worked here in town. Max worked too. I won something like 60, 66 awards. Second in the United States
log for two points for being in the United Stated Champion. All time with the razor. No sheers, no clippers, just razor cut. It’s an art. It’s like an artist doing a nice painting. – It’s just a great experience. That’s one of the reasons I came here, because of how what Hollywood’s known for. What Ray is known for. (buzz) – He said that even when he
was barbering for decades, he was still taking master courses and always learning. – I hope to be cutting as long as Ray. (chuckles) – The more you cut, the more experience, the better you get throughout the years. (buzz) My mom and my aunts, they all are barbers. They call came here
eight years or more ago. Everyone has their own style, and you get to make people
look good and be happy with how they look. – There we are.
– All right. – I try to teach them to be respectful. Customers like to be taken
care of by professionals, and I’ve had students that I’ve had to say I can’t teach you. You’re set in your ways,
and that’s the way it is. Nobody here can help you. (buzz) I want him to the be the
best at what they do. Happy, have a nice family. I said to myself one day, I’d like to rent a big place
and have a big reunion. (laughs) I don’t think there’s a big
enough place to have a reunion. Sometimes I’ll stop by their job, say hi. Makes me feel good that
they are successful. I love ’em all. I say they’re all my kids. (joyful music) – Thank you for joining us
here on Arizona Illustrated. I’m Tom McNamara. See you next week. (violin outro tune)

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